Multiple Sclerosis Disease (MS) is a disease affecting the nerve cells. Due to which, the communication between the brain and the spinal cord gets affected. Nerve cells communicate by transmitting electric signals through long fibers known as axons. Myelin is an insulating substance that wraps the axons.
In the course of Multiple Sclerosis Disease, the person’s self immune system assaults, and then damages the myelin. The axons cannot efficiently conduct signals, when the myelin is not there. Some common Multiple Sclerosis Disease types are the primary progressive (PPMS) and secondary progressive (SPMS). Different Multiple Sclerosis Disease show different symptoms in case of the disease.
Facts of Multiple Sclerosis Disease:
Around 2,500,000 people are there in the world that suffers from Multiple Sclerosis Disease. In UK itself, around 85,000 people are suffering with this disease. In terms of figures, men are not that prone to develop Multiple Sclerosis Disease in comparison to women. MS cases are usually seen in people that fall in the age group of 20-40.
Causes of Multiple Sclerosis Disease:
The specific cause of Multiple Sclerosis Disease is still unidentified. Since last two decades, researchers are focusing on disorder of the immune system and heredity. Our body gets defended by the immune system. The immune system in the body is highly structured and synchronized. If the immune system gets triggered by outside objects, then it must need a defensive act to identify and attack the invader.
This depends on fast communication between the immune cells, and the cells that can demolish the prowler. In Multiple Sclerosis Disease, researchers believe that an outside agent such as a virus probably alters the immune system. Because of this, the immune system realizes myelin as a prowler and attacks it.
The assault made by the immune system in the tissues is called autoimmunity. Multiple Sclerosis Disease is assumed to be an autoimmunity disease. Although some of the myelin may be healed after the attack, some of them are stripped of their myelin covering. The myelin becomes demyelinated due to the process.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis Disease:
A doctor must be notified if one has any of the symptoms or signs associated with Multiple Sclerosis Disease. One may not have MS, but due to nonspecific characteristics of this disease, it is good to have a checkup by a qualified, and an experienced professional. The symptoms of MS differ significantly from time to time and person to person. It depends on which nerve fibre gets damaged.
Multiple Sclerosis Disease affects numerous senses. Some of the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis Disease are: Many people with MS develop inflammation of the optic nerve, described as an immediate vision loss. The suffering patient, if diagnosed with optic neuritis in the early stage, cure may change the direction of the disease.
Multiple Sclerosis Disease also lay effects on the cerebellum. It is a part of the brain responsible for stability and fine co-ordination. Due to the effects of Multiple Sclerosis Disease in the cerebellum, people frequently have difficulty in performing delicate work with their hands. People also experience vertigo, facial pain and hearing loss. Other areas that get affected by Multiple Sclerosis Disease include intestine or bladder, motor, arms and legs.